The hyperspace is a set of sets equipped with a metric or at least with a topology. Given a metric space , let be the set of all nonempty closed subsets of with the Hausdorff metric: if no matter where you are in one set, you can jump into the other by traveling less than . So, the distance between letters S and U is the length of the longer green arrow.
The requirement of closedness ensures for . If is unbounded, then will be infinite for some pairs of sets, which is natural: the hyperspace contains infinitely many parallel universes which do not interact, being at infinite distance from one another.
Every continuous surjection has an inverse defined in the obvious way: . Yay ambiguous notation! The subset of that consists of the singletons is naturally identified with , so for bijective maps we recover the usual inverse.
Exercise: what conditions on guarantee that is (a) continuous; (b) Lipschitz? After the previous post it should not be surprising that
- Even if is open and continuous, may be discontinuous.
- If is a Lipschitz quotient, then is Lipschitz.
Proofs are not like dusting crops—they are easier.